Mar 21, 2012
Montréal is a very good spot for the tourism in Québec
History of Montréal City
According to archeological evidence, Montréal was populated at least 2000 years previous to the arrival of the French by native St Lawrence Iroquoians. The inhabitants had already begun to grow maize and lived in various fortified villages on the island. In 1535, the French explorer Samuel de Champlain estimated a population of more than 1000. Only 70 years later, all the natives had vanished, either due to outmigration, epidemics caused by new diseases brought from Europe or battles between tribes.
In 1611, a fur trading post was inaugurated on the island and the region became a base for French exploration in North America. The area continued to be a French colony until it was lost to Britain in 1760, following their defeat in the Seven Years War.
Not until 1832 was Montreál declared a city and Victoria Bridge opened to allow railway access as well as Lachine Canal created as a diversion from the impenetrable Lachine Rapids. In 1844, Montreál was named capital of Canada but lost this title to Ottawa only five years later, a strategic move in response to attack by a Tory mob on the Parliament building.
What to see in Montréal
The city today is a cultural center and features numerous concert halls and theaters and holds regular festivals. The Just for Laughs comedy festival is the largest of its kind. Other events include the International Jazz Festival, the World Film Festival, the Fireworks Festival and Pop Montreál. In addition, Montreál is famous for ice hockey and other sports including football, baseball, soccer, auto-racing and tennis.
A popular tourist site is Parc du Mont-Royal – one of the largest green areas in the city, mainly made up of woodland. It contains a semicircular plaza from which visitors can view Downtown, an artificial lake, short ski slope and sculpture garden. The park hosts a number of sports, touristic and cultural events throughout the year.
With 50 National Historic Sites, Montreál has more tourist points than any other Canadian city for which it was named UNESCO City of Design in 2006. Many sites of interest include structures dating from different epochs. Notre-Dame de Montreál Basilica, Bonsecours Market and the 19th century headquarters for all major Canadian banks along Rue Saint Jacques all maintain their original form. There are also various examples of 20th century including the unconventional Olympic Stadium.
Old Montreál contains yet more preserved or restored buildings plus the Old Port riverside. Tourists have the option of viewing this part of the city in horse-drawn calèches.
How to go to Montréal City
The international airport in Dorval receives flights from over 100 destinations throughout the world and is headquarters for Air Canada and Air Transat. The third busiest airport in Canada, it also has the most international services in the country. A second airport in Mirabel is primarily for cargo but also offers some passenger flights.
Montreál also has a large network of rail services running from other major Canadian cities such as Quebec and Toronto. The railway also retrieves passengers internationally from as far as New York City.